People, Cast, language, Culture, Religion in Nepal
"Culture is that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, moral, low, custom, and any other capability and habits acquired by man as a member of society." - EB Tylor.
The population is predominantly rural (87%); it is concentrated for 50% in the southern belt of the Terai area, 43% in mid-mountain areas, and 7% in the high Himalayas. Nepal is very diverse in its landscapes as in its population. A first distinction is made between Indo-Nepalese, of Indian origin and Hindu religion, and second, Tibetan-Nepali, of Sino-Tibetan origin and Buddhist religion. These two main populations are themselves divided into different ethnic groups; there are 125 caste-based groups Sherpas, Bhotias, Magars, Gurungs, Tamangs, Newars, Chhetri, Brahman, Bahun, Yadav, Muslims, Thakuri, Sarki, Kirat, Rai, Limbu, Tharus, Bojapuri, Maithili, etc ethnicity or many tribal people and descendants of Mongolian people. The caste system transmitted centuries ago by Indian immigrants, officially abolished in 1963, remains very present in traditional society and remains very influential in practice.
Nepal's diverse linguistic heritage stems from three major language groups: Indo-Aryan, Tibeto-Burman, and various indigenous language isolates. There are 123 languages spoken as a mother tongue by different ethnic group, but Nepali is the official and national language, serves as a means of communication between the various ethnic groups. Nepal is home to at least four indigenous sign languages. Derived from Sanskrit, Nepali is written in Devanagari or Roman alphabet. However, travels trade people understand and speak English as Well and some people speak a foreign language also.
Every different ethnic group has a variety of traditional culture, lifestyle, dress up, language, festival, religion, etc. Folklore is an integral part of Nepali society. Traditional stories are rooted in the reality of day-to-day life, tales of love, affection, and battles, as well as demons and ghosts and thus, reflect local lifestyles, culture, and beliefs. Many Nepali folktales are enacted through the medium of dance and music.
In Nepal has many religious followed by different ethnic groups 81.3% Hinduism, 9% Buddhism, 4.4% Islam, 3% Kirant Folk, 1.4% Christianity, 0.9% Other. The main religion is Hinduism, despite the presence of a large Buddhist minority. The exquisite medieval Art & Architecture of the Kathmandu Valley vividly reflect the artistic ingenuity and the religious tradition of the people.
The population is young (36% under 15 years old). Illiteracy affects about 42% of women and 25% of men. Many Nepalese workers leave their country for Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Malaysia or South Korea. Emigrants' transfers reach nearly a quarter of GDP, more than half of the population lives on these remittances and study in Europe Countries. However, the departure of men empties the rural areas of their living forces and this exodus does not create jobs in the country.
Note: Mera Alpine Treks & Expedition respect every individual person, cast, language, culture, and religion.